Optical signal processing for a smart vehicle lighting system using a-SiCH technology

M. A. Vieira, M. Vieira, P. Vieira, P. Louro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


We propose the use of Visible Light Communication (VLC) for vehicle safety applications, creating a smart vehicle lighting system that combines the functions of illumination and signaling, communications, and positioning. The feasibility of VLC is demonstrated by employing trichromatic Red-Green-Blue (RGB) LEDs as transmitters, since they offer the possibility of Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM), which can greatly increase the transmission data rate, when using SiC double p-i-n receivers to encode/decode the information. Trichromatic RGB Light Emitting Diodes (LED)s (RGB-LED) are used together for illumination proposes (headlamps) and individually, each chip, to transmit the driving range distance and data information. An on-off code is used to transmit the data. Free space is the transmission medium. The receivers consist of two stacked amorphous a-H:SiC cells. They combine the simultaneous demultiplexing operation with the photodetection and self-Amplification. The proposed coding is based on SiC technology. Multiple Input Multi Output (MIMO) architecture is used. For data transmission, we propose the use of two headlights based on commercially available modulated white RGB-LEDs. For data receiving and decoding we use three a-SiC:H double pin/pin optical processors symmetrically distributed at the vehicle tail Moreover, we present a way to achieve vehicular communication using the parity bits. A representation with a 4 bit original string color message and the transmitted 7 bit string, the encoding and decoding accurate positional information processes and the design of SiC navigation system are discussed and tested. A visible multilateration method estimates the drive distance range by using the decoded information received from several non-collinear transmitters.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptical Sensors 2017
PublisherSpie -- the Int Soc for Optical Engineering
ISBN (Electronic)978-151060963-1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
EventOptical Sensors 2017 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 24 Apr 201727 Apr 2017


ConferenceOptical Sensors 2017
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic


  • A-SiC: H technology
  • Intelligent Transportation System
  • LED
  • Optical sensor
  • Visible Light Communication
  • WDM


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