Optical properties of cobalt oxide films by a dipping sol-gel process

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Abstract

Cobalt oxide thin films were prepared by using the dipping sol-gel process. The films were deposited onto glass slides, starting from methanolic solution of cobalt acetate Co(CH3COO)(2) - 4H(2)O. The effects of film thickness and sol concentration on structural and optical properties were studied. Structural analyses of Co3O4 films were performed by X-ray diffraction. The film thickness was varied by using different withdrawal speeds and the number of dipping-heating cycles. It was found that the grain size increases with the number of dipping N. The results point out to some compacting effect that increases with the number of clippings: the films exhibit direct and indirect optical transition, absorption coefficients are of the order of 10(4) cm(-1), and upon annealing the absorption coefficient increases. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1479-1485
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume352
Issue number9-20 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2006

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