Opacities of singly and doubly ionised neodymium and uranium for kilonova emission modeling

A. Flörs, R. F. Silva, J. Deprince, H. Carvajal Gallego, G. Leck, L. J. Shingles, G. Martínez-Pinedo, J. M. Sampaio, P. Amaro, J. P. Marques, S. Goriely, P. Quinet, P. Palmeri, M. Godefroid

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Abstract

Even though the electromagnetic counterpart AT2017gfo to the binary neutron star merger GW170817 is powered by the radioactive decay of r-process nuclei, only few tentative identifications of light r-process elements have been made so far. One of the major limitations for the identification of heavy nuclei is incomplete or missing atomic data. While substantial progress has been made on lanthanide atomic data over the last few years, for actinides there has been less emphasis, with the first complete set of opacity data only recently published. We perform atomic structure calculations of neodymium (Z = 60) as well as the corresponding actinide uranium (Z = 92). Using two different codes (FAC and HFR) for the calculation of the atomic data, we investigate the accuracy of the calculated data (energy levels and electric dipole transitions) and their effect on kilonova opacities. For the FAC calculations, we optimise the local central potential and the number of included configurations and use a dedicated calibration technique to improve the agreement between theoretical and available experimental atomic energy levels (AELs). For ions with vast amounts of experimental data available, the presented opacities agree quite well with previous estimations. On the other hand, the optimisation and calibration method cannot be used for ions with only few available AELs. For these cases, where no experimental nor benchmarked calculations are available, a large spread in the opacities estimated from the atomic data obtained with the various atomic structure codes is observed.We find that the opacity of uranium is almost double the neodymium opacity.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages20
JournalMonthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society
Volume524
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

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