In this paper we present and evaluate a new pre-processing scheme for Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) channels. Its performance is compared with other MIMO schemes proposed for the downlink of Wideband-Code Division Multiple Access (W-CDMA) systems, namely a variation of the Beam Forming (BF), entitled Beam-Selective Transmit Diversity (BSTD) or post-processing schemes, such as the Alamouti-like MIMO or the Vertical Bell Laboratories Layered Space-Time (V-BLAST) MIMO scheme. It is assumed that the Base Station (BS) has M 2 transmit antennas and the Mobile Station (MS) receiver has space enough to accommodate N = 2 uncorrelated receive antennas. It is shown that the proposed pre-processing scheme allows receivers with very low complexity, contrarily to the case where a post-processing approach is followed, simplifying the MS receiver. Therefore, the proposed M � N MIMO pre-processing scheme can be seen as an alternative to post-processing schemes. It is also shown that the pre-processing scheme for MIMO channels tends to achieve the best performance in most scenarios, being followed by the BSTD, which allows interference cancellation and provides diversity. Copyright � 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Dinis, R. M. H. D. M., & DEE Group Author (2009). On transmission techniques for multi-antenna W-CDMA systems. European Transactions On Telecommunications, 20(1), 107-121. https://doi.org/10.1002/ett.1252