On the mechanics of distortional-global interaction in fixed-ended columns

André Dias Martins, Dinar Camotim, Rodrigo Gonçalves, Pedro Borges Dinis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


This work reports the results of a numerical investigation concerning the elastic post-buckling behaviour of fixed-ended thin-walled lipped channel and zed-section columns affected by distortional-global (D-G) interaction – “unexpected” features associated with the global buckling nature are unveiled in both cases. The columns analysed (i) exhibit cross-section dimensions and lengths ensuring the simultaneous occurrence of distortional and global critical buckling, and (ii) contain critical-mode initial geometrical imperfections (linear combinations of the critical distortional and global buckling mode shapes). For comparison and clarification purposes, the post-buckling behaviour of lipped channel columns buckling in an “isolated” distortional mode and containing “pure” distortional and global (flexural-torsional) initial geometrical imperfections are also analysed. The results presented and discussed are obtained through geometrically non-linear Generalised Beam Theory (GBT) analyses and provide the evolution, along given equilibrium paths, of the column deformed configuration (expressed in GBT modal form), relevant displacement profiles and modal participation diagrams, making it possible to acquire in-depth insight on the mechanics underlying D-G interaction in columns. Finally, particular attention is paid to interpreting the differences exhibited by the various column post-buckling behaviours investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-184
Number of pages23
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Cold-formed steel fixed-ended columns
  • D-flexural coupling
  • D-flexural/torsional/distortional coupling
  • D-torsional coupling
  • Distortional-global (D-G) interaction
  • Generalised Beam Theory (GBT)
  • Geometrically non-linear imperfect analysis (GNIA)
  • Lipped channels
  • Zed-sections


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