On the formal definition of the systems’ interoperability capability: an anthropomorphic approach

Milan Zdravković, Fernando Luis-Ferreira, Ricardo Jardim-Goncalves, Miroslav Trajanović

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The extended view of enterprise information systems in the Internet of Things (IoT) introduces additional complexity to the interoperability problems. In response to this, the problem of systems’ interoperability is revisited by taking into the account the different aspects of philosophy, psychology, linguistics and artificial intelligence, namely by analysing the potential analogies between the processes of human and system communication. Then, the capability to interoperate as a property of the system, is defined as a complex ability to seamlessly sense and perceive a stimulus from its environment (assumingly, a message from any other system), make an informed decision about this perception and consequently, articulate a meaningful and useful action or response, based on this decision. Although this capability is defined on the basis of the existing interoperability theories, the proposed approach to its definition excludes the assumption on the awareness of co-existence of two interoperating systems. Thus, it establishes the links between the research of interoperability of systems and intelligent software agents, as one of the systems’ digital identities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-413
JournalEnterprise Information Systems
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2017


  • interoperability
  • semantic interoperability
  • Internet-of-Things
  • ontology
  • human communication
  • sensation
  • perception
  • cognition


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