On the active sites of the [NiFe] hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio gigas. Mossbauer and redox-titration studies

B. H. Huynh, D. S. Patil, Isabel Moura, M. Teixeira, José J. G. Moura, Daniel V. DerVartanian, Melvin H. Czechowski, Benet C. Prickril, Harry D. Peck, Jean LeGall

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Abstract

The [NiFe] hydrogenase isolated from Desulfovibrio gigas was poised at different redox potentials and studied by Mossbauer spectroscopy. The data firmly establish that this hydrogenase contains four prosthetic groups: one nickel center, one [3Fe-xS], and two [4Fe-4S] clusters. In the native enzyme, both the nickel and the [3Fe-xS] cluster are EPR-active. At low temperature (4.2 K), the [3Fe-xS] cluster exhibits a paramagnetic Mossbauer spectrum typical for oxidized [3Fe-xS] clusters. At higher temperatures (> 20 K), the paramagnetic spectrum collapses into a quadrupole doublet with parameters |ΔE(Q)| = 0.7 ± 0.06 mm/s and δ = 0.36 ± 0.06 mm/s, typical of high-spin Fe(III). The observed isomer shift is slightly larger than those observed for the three-iron clusters in D. gigas ferredoxin II (Huynh, B.H., Moura, J.J.G., Moura, I., Kent, T.A., LeGall, J., Xavier, A.V., and Munck, E. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 3242-3244) and in Azotobacter vinelandii ferrefoxin I (Emptage, M.H., Kent, T.A., Huynh, B.H., Rawlings, J., Orme-Johnson, W.H., and Munck, E. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 1793-1796) and may indicate a different iron coordination environment. When D. gigas hydrogenase is poised at potentials lower than -80 mV (versus normal hydrogen electrode), the [3Fe-xS] cluster is reduced and becomes EPR-silent. The Mossbauer data indicate that the reduced [3Fe-xS] cluster remains intact, i.e. it does not interconvert into a [4Fe-4S] cluster. Also, the electronic properties of the reduced [3Fe-xS] cluster suggest that it is magnetically isolated from the other paramagnetic centers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)795-800
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume262
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 1987

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