On-Line Adaptive Metabolic Flux Analysis: Application to PHB Production by Mixed Microbial Cultures

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Abstract

In this work, an algorithm for on-line adaptive metabolic flux analysis (MFA) is proposed and applied to polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) production by mixed microbial cultures (MMC). In this process, population dynamics constitutes an important source of perturbation to MFA calculations because some stoichiometric and energetic parameters of the underlying metabolic network are continuously changing over time. The proposed algorithm is based on the application of the observer-based estimator (OBE) to the central MFA equation, whereby the role of the OBE is to force the accumulation of intracellular metabolites to converge to zero by adjusting the values of unknown network parameters. The algorithm was implemented in a reactor equipped with on-line analyses of dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide through respirometric and titrimetric measurements. The oxygen and carbon dioxide fluxes were measured directly, whereas acetate, PHB, and sludge production fluxes were estimated indirectly using a projection of latent structures model calibrated a priori with off-line measurements. The algorithm was implemented in a way that the network parameters associated with biosynthesis were adjusted on-line. The algorithm proofed to converge exponentially with the steady state error always below 1 mmol/L. The estimated fluxes passed the consistency index test for experimental error variances as low as 1%. The comparison of measured and estimated respiratory coefficient and of the theoretical and estimated yield of sludge on acetate further confirmed the metabolic consistency of the parameters that were estimated on-line. (C) 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 25: 390-398, 2009
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)390-398
JournalBiotechnology Progress
Volume25
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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