Occurrence of non-toxic bioemulsifiers during polyhydroxyalkanoate production by Pseudomonas strains valorizing crude glycerol by-product

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Abstract

While screening for polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) producing strains, using glycerol rich by-product as carbon source, it was observed that extracellular polymers were also secreted into the culture broth. The scope of this study was to characterize both intracellular and extracellular polymers, produced by Pseudomonas putida NRRL B-14875 and Pseudomonas chlororaphis DSM 50083, mostly focusing on those novel extracellular polymers. It was found that they fall into the class of bioemulsifiers (BE), as they showed excellent emulsion stability against different hydrocarbons/oils at various pH conditions, temperature and salinity concentrations. Cytotoxicity tests revealed that BE produced by P. chlororaphis inhibited the growth of highly pigmented human melanoma cells (MNT-1) by 50% at concentrations between 150 and 200 μg/mL, while no effect was observed on normal skin primary keratinocytes and melanocytes. This is the first study reporting mcl-PHA production by P. putida NRRL B-14785 and bioemulsifier production from both P. putida and P. chlororaphis strains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-40
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume281
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Bioemulsifiers
  • Crude glycerol
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Polyhydroxyalkanoates
  • Pseudomonas chlororaphis
  • Pseudomonas putida

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