To identify the occupational participation pattern of institutionalized elderly people in Portugal, a non-experimental investigation with a descriptive correlational and inferential basis was undertaken. The 42 participants, 21 from the Associação de Bem Estar Social dos Reformados e Idosos de Canhestros and 21 from the Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Ferreira do Alentejo in Portugal were assessed using the Occupational Questionnaire. From the total sample, 73.8% (n = 31) were female and 26.2% (n = 11) were male, in the age range 68 and 94 years. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS® v. 24 software. It was found that the participants perform a smaller number of occupations during the night, mostly related to sleeping preparation. From their perspective, resting occupations represent 46.8% of the day. They attributed higher feelings of self-efficacy and satisfaction to the occupations performed in the afternoon. There were no statistically significant differences in the average scores for the independent variables schooling or gender, with the exception of Average Degree of Satisfaction, which showed that women were more satisfied. The dependent variables positively influenced each other, that is, as one dependent variable increased the other dependent variables also increased.
- Institutionalized elderly people
- Occupational participation
- Occupational pattern