O “enigma do mundo” e o “problema da existência”: Notas sobre a interpretação nietzschiana do pessimismo de Schopenhauer

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In Book V of The Gay Science, Nietzsche claims that the importance of Schopenhauer’s philosophy resides in the fact that it asks a question — a question that is “terrible”, the question: “does existence has a meaning at all?” (GS 357). Schopenhauer’s pessimism is, thus, supposed to be a question, not the answer to a question, or the solution of a problem. The present article aims (a) to show, firstly, that Nietzsche has good reasons to take Schopenhauer’s philosophy to be fundamentally the formulation of a question, the exposition of a problem, the presentation of a riddle — the “riddle of the world”; (b) secondly, to show that Nietzsche has good reasons to equate the problem of the value of existence with the riddle of the world; (c) thirdly, to indicate the crucial relevance of Schopenhauer’s conception of pessimism for the interpretation of Nietzsche’s concept of nihilism.
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)19-33
Number of pages14
JournalRevista de Filosofia Moderna e Contemporânea
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Nietzsche
  • Schopenhauer
  • Pessimism
  • Nihilism

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