Numerical simulation of ballistic impact on composite laminates

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114 Citations (Scopus)


The paper reports experimental and numerical simulation of ballistic impact problems on thin composite laminated plates reinforced with Kevlar 29. Ballistic impact was imparted with simulated fragments designed in accordance with STANAG-2920 on plates of different thickness. Numerical modelling was developed and used to obtain an estimate for the limit perforation velocity (V50) and simulate failure modes and damage. Computations were carried out using a commercial code based on finite differences and values obtained are compared with the experimental data to evaluate the performance of the simulation. Good correlation between computational simulation and experimental results was achieved, both in terms of deformation and damage of the laminates. Future work is advanced to include the interposition of an outer ceramic layer as well as examining the influence of dry-wet and temperature cycles on the mechanical strength of the plates and their temporal evolution under accelerated ageing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-306
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal Of Impact Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005


  • Ballistic impact
  • Composite materials
  • Non-linear transient dynamics


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