Numerical simulation of an oscillating water column device using acode based on Navier-Stokes equations

Paulo R. F. Teixeira, Djavan P. Davyt, Eric Didier, Rubén Ramalhais

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Citations (Scopus)


The study of ways of converting ocean wave energy into a useful one and the improvement of the existing equipment are complex engineering problems and very important issues in today's society. In this paper, the onshore oscillating water column device, in a 10m deep channel subjected to 1m high incident wave and wave periods from 4s to 15s, is investigated. The numerical analyses are carried out using Fluinco model that deals with incompressible flow problems based on the Navier-Stokes equations and employs the two-step semi-implicit Taylor-Galerkin method. An aerodynamic model is implemented in the algorithm to determine the air pressure that is imposed on the free surface. Analyses are divided into two sections. In the first section, the flow variables obtained by Fluinco and the commercial model Fluent are compared and similar results are obtained. In the second section, an investigation of the chamber geometry and turbine characteristic relation that provide the best device performance is carried out. In this case, variations in the front wall depth, the chamber length, the turbine characteristic relation and the chamber height, are made.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-530
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013


  • Finite element method
  • Numerical simulation
  • Oscillating water column
  • Turbine model
  • Wave energy


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