Numerical simulation and design of stainless steel columns under fire conditions

André Dias Martins, Rodrigo Gonçalves, Dinar Camotim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents and discusses results of an ongoing numerical investigation on stainless steel columns under elevated temperatures and prone to local or global buckling, performed in the context of the project “StaSteFi – Fire Design of Stainless Steel Members”. Geometrically and materially non-linear shell finite element models are employed to obtain the structural response and the failure loads of columns (i) with several cross-section shapes (SHS, RHS, CHS, EHS and I-section), (ii) prone to local or global (major- and/or minor flexural) buckling, (iii) made from three common stainless steel grades (ferritic 1.4003, austenitic 1.4301 and duplex 1.4462), (iv) subjected to various elevated temperatures (θ = 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700 and 800 °C), (v) containing both initial geometrical imperfections and residual stresses, and (vi) covering a wide local or global slenderness range. The variation of the influence of the residual stresses as the temperature increases is also assessed. Lastly, the failure loads gathered are used to assess the quality of their prediction provided by (i) the currently codified Eurocode 3 stainless steel fire design rules, and (ii) recently proposed design rules for local and global (flexural) failures of I-section stainless steel columns, as well as to explore their extension/accuracy in the context of SHS and RHS columns.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111628
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2021


  • Fire design approaches
  • Fire resistance
  • Shell finite element simulations
  • Stainless steel columns
  • Thermo-mechanical analysis


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