Normalization techniques for multi-criteria decision making: Analytical hierarchy process case study

Nazanin Vafaei, Rita A. Ribeiro, Luis M. Camarinha-Matos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) methods use normalization techniques to allow aggregation of criteria with numerical and comparable data. With the advent of Cyber Physical Systems, where big data is collected from heterogeneous sensors and other data sources, finding a suitable normalization technique is also a challenge to enable data fusion (integration). Therefore, data fusion and aggregation of criteria are similar processes of combining values either from criteria or from sensors to obtain a common score. In this study, our aim is to discuss metrics for assessing which are the most appropriate normalization techniques in decision problems, specifically for the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) multi-criteria method. AHP uses a pairwise approach to evaluate the alternatives regarding a set of criteria and then fuses (aggregation) the evaluations to determine the final ratings (scores).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTechnological Innovation for Cyber-Physical Systems - 7th IFIP WG 5.5/SOCOLNET Advanced Doctoral Conference on Computing, Electrical and Industrial Systems, DoCEIS 2016, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Pages261-268
Number of pages8
Volume470
ISBN (Print)9783319311647
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016
Event7th IFIP WG 5.5/SOCOLNET Advanced Doctoral Conference on Computing, Electrical and Industrial Systems, DoCEIS 2016 - Costa de Caparica, Portugal
Duration: 11 Apr 201613 Apr 2016

Publication series

NameIFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology
Volume470
ISSN (Print)18684238

Conference

Conference7th IFIP WG 5.5/SOCOLNET Advanced Doctoral Conference on Computing, Electrical and Industrial Systems, DoCEIS 2016
CountryPortugal
CityCosta de Caparica
Period11/04/1613/04/16

Keywords

  • AHP
  • Cyber-physical systems (CPSs)
  • MCDM
  • Normalization
  • Rank reversal

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    Vafaei, N., Ribeiro, R. A., & Camarinha-Matos, L. M. (2016). Normalization techniques for multi-criteria decision making: Analytical hierarchy process case study. In Technological Innovation for Cyber-Physical Systems - 7th IFIP WG 5.5/SOCOLNET Advanced Doctoral Conference on Computing, Electrical and Industrial Systems, DoCEIS 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 470, pp. 261-268). (IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology; Vol. 470). Springer New York LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31165-4_26