Normal ultrasound anatomy and common anatomical variants of the thyroid gland plus adjacent structures - A pictorial review

Ana Germano, Willian Schmitt, Manuel Rio Carvalho, Rui M Marques

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


BACKGROUND: High-resolution ultrasound is considered the best imaging technique for evaluating the thyroid gland, as it is accessible, non-invasive, and highly sensitive concerning the detection and characterization of thyroid nodules. However, a background knowledge of the normal ultrasound anatomy of the thyroid gland, adjacent structures, and its anatomical variants is crucial to avoid misdiagnosis in daily practice. Through this pictorial review, we intend to.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-128
Number of pages15
JournalClinical imaging
Early online date10 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019



  • Thyroid gland
  • Ultrasonography
  • Anatomy

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