Non-supervised breathing exercise regimen in women with fibromyalgia: A quasi-experimental exploratory study

Pablo Tomas-Carus, María Garrido, Jaime C. Branco, María Yolanda Castaño, María Ángeles Gómez, Clarissa Biehl-Printes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To know the effectiveness and safety of non-supervised breathing exercise regimen by promoting patients' self-management, and to investigate if non-supervised breathing exercise regimen shows similar benefits to supervised regimen in improving pain and fibromyalgia (FM) impact on daily life. Material and methods: Fifty-one women with FM were assigned to: supervised breathing exercise regimen group, non-supervised breathing exercise regimen group, and control group. Pain thresholds tolerance on tender points and FM impact on daily life were evaluated. Results: After 12-weeks of breathing exercises statistical differences were not found between supervised and non-supervised regimen. However, supervised regimen showed additional improvements in pain thresholds tolerance and in pain-FIQ subscale. Conclusion: Our results suggest that performing a non-supervised breathing exercise program could be as safe and effective as the supervised regimen. However, it was observed that there could be a tendency of supervised exercise regimen to show additional benefits in terms of pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-176
Number of pages7
JournalComplementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019


  • Breathing exercises
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Impact on daily life
  • Pain thresholds tolerance
  • Supervised vs. non-supervised regimens

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