NOA method – three dimensions in the governance of kidney transplantation: Need-Opportunity-Accessibility, how to engage them?

Paulo Filipe Severino, Catarina Bolotinha, Ana Luísa Papoila, Carlos Brás-Geraldes, Alexandrina Dos Santos, Vanda Rute Patrício Palmeiro, Ana Paula Fernandes, Ana Franca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Despite all efforts, the demand for organs increases. New and better strategies are still needed, critical in a crisis like pandemics. Methodology: A mathematical approach that integrates need, Opportunity, and Accessibility to kidney transplantation, was created. NOA method, corresponds to the lateral surface area of a trigonal pyramid with the need, Opportunity, and Accessibility as axis, resulting in an intuitional chart output (NOA chart) and a percentage score (NOA score). Higher NOA scores are associated with larger NOA chart areas. Method Application: We found some natural variability among the European Member States regarding Need, Opportunity, and Accessibility to kidney transplantation, concomitant with NOA scores. In 2019, in the European Union, 129 patients pmp on the waiting list for a kidney transplant were registered, 47 kidneys pmp were procured, and 36 kidneys pmp were transplanted, corresponding to 25% of kidney transplantation's response capacity. Conclusion: Transplantation is frequently the better treatment for end-stage kidney failure. NOA method may be, in the future, an indicator for evaluating the overall transplantation performance regarding the need for it and a tool for policy definition. With NOA method we seek to contribute for: • A transplantation overall performance normalizing score; • Transplantation response capacity evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101542
JournalMethodsX
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Need for transplantation response
  • NOA method
  • Transplantation accessibility
  • Transplantation governance
  • Transplantation need
  • Transplantation opportunity
  • Transplantation overall performance
  • Transplantation policy decision
  • Transplantation program evaluation

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