Nitrite reductase from desulfovibrio desulfuricans (ATCC 27774) - A heterooligomer heme protein with sulfite reductase activity

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Abstract

The membrane bound cytochrome c nitrite reductase from the sulfate reducer Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (ATCC 27774) was found to have a high specific activity in the reduction of sulfite, producing stoichiometric amounts of sulfide. The K(m) for sulfite in the MV(+·):sulfite oxidoreductase assay is 0.75 mM, and the specific activity 2.06 μmolH2/min/mg. Visible and EPR spectroscopies studies indicate that the enzyme high-spin heme reacts with sulfite in the oxidised state, and that sulfide partially reduces the enzyme. The redox-cycled enzyme, using H2/Hydrogenase/MV(+·) as a reductant, is identical to the resting enzyme. This is the first time that a c-type nitrite reductase has been shown to reduce sulfite. These findings, besides revealing a new function for the nitrite reductase, raise a major question regarding the sulfur metabolism in the sulfate reducing bacteria as well as the cellular localization of the enzymatic activities involved in the dissimilatory reduction of sulfate. The purified nitrite reductase is a heterooligomer, containing two types of subunits of 62 kDa (± 5 kDa) and 18.8 kDa (± 1 kDa), and forms a complex or aggregate with a molecular mass of approximately 750 kDa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-618
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical And Biophysical Research Communications
Volume224
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 1996

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