New Protic Ionic Liquids as Potential Additives to Lubricate Si-Based MEMS/NEMS

Mariana T. Donato, Jonas Deuermeier, Rogério Colaço, Luís C. Branco, Benilde Saramago

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
31 Downloads (Pure)


The motivation for this work was to develop new protic ionic liquids (PILs) as additives for the lubrication of micro and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). Ten PILs based on the combination of methylimidazolium ([MIMH]), 4-picolinium ([4-picH]), pyridinium ([PyrH]), 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]-undec-7-ene-8-ium ([DBUH]) and tetramethylguanidinium ([TMGH]) cations with hydrogen sulfate([HSO4]) and mesylate ([MeSO3]) anions were tested as additives in polyethylene glycol (PEG200) to lubricate steel/silicon and silicon/silicon contacts. The best additive was [4-picH][HSO4], which adsorbed strongly on the Si surface, leading to a protective film that reduced wear by up to 15 times compared to PEG200.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2678
Number of pages16
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2023


  • friction
  • lubricant additives
  • protic ionic liquids
  • silicon
  • wear


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