BACKGROUND: The future of health care delivery is becoming more patient-focused, and electronic health record (EHR) portals are gaining more attention from worldwide governments that consider this technology as a valuable asset for the future sustainability of the national health care systems. Overall, this makes the adoption of EHR portals an important field to study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand the factors that drive individuals to adopt EHR portals. METHODS: We applied a new adoption model that combines 3 different theories, namely, extended unified theory of acceptance and use of technology, health belief model, and the diffusion of innovation; all the 3 theories provided relevant contributions for the understanding of EHR portals. To test the research model, we used the partial least squares causal modeling approach. We executed a national survey based on randomly generated mobile phone numbers. We collected 139 questionnaires. RESULTS: Performance expectancy (beta=.203; t=2.699), compatibility (beta=.530; t=6.189), and habit (beta=.251; t=2.660) have a statistically significant impact on behavior intention (R2=76.0%). Habit (beta=.378; t=3.821), self-perception (beta=.233; t=2.971), and behavior intention (beta=.263; t=2.379) have a statistically significant impact on use behavior (R2=61.8%). In addition, behavior intention (beta=.747; t=10.737) has a statistically significant impact on intention to recommend (R2=69.0%), results demonstrability (beta=.403; t=2.888) and compatibility (beta=.337; t=2.243) have a statistically significant impact on effort expectancy (R2=48.3%), and compatibility (beta=.594; t=6.141) has a statistically significant impact on performance expectancy (R2=42.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Our research model yields very good results, with relevant R2 in the most important dependent variables that help explain the adoption of EHR portals, behavior intention, and use behavior.
- electronic health records
- patient portals