New fertilizer strategies combining manure and urea for improved rice growth in Mozambique

Fátima Ismael, Alexis Ndayiragije, David Fangueiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
188 Downloads (Pure)


The cost of chemical fertilizers is increasing and becoming unaffordable for smallholders in Africa. The present study aimed to assess the impact of combined fertilization strategies using urea and animal manure (beef cattle manure and poultry litter manure) on rice yield and nutrient uptake. For this, a field experiment was carried out on a loam sandy soil in the Chókwè Irrigation Scheme. We set seven treatments in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD), namely: T0: no fertilizer, T1: 100% urea, T2: 100% beef cattle manure, T3: 100% poultry litter, T4: 50% urea + 50% beef cattle manure, T5: 50% urea + 50% poultry litter and T6: 40% urea + 30% beef cattle manure + 30% poultry litter, replicated four times each. All treatments, except T0, received an amount of nitrogen (N) equivalent to 100 kgN·ha−1 . Results revealed that the highest yield grain (425 g·m−2 ), plant height (115 cm), number of tillers (18) and thousand-grain weight (34g) were observed in treatments combining urea with manure (T4, T5 and T6) indicating that N supply in the mixture (urea + manure) is more efficient than in isolated applications of N (T1, T2 and T3). The data obtained in this study suggest that a combination of fertilizers (T6) lead to competitive yields and is thus recommended for best soil management practices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number783
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Chemical fertilizer
  • Nutrient uptake
  • Organic fertilizer
  • Rice (Oryza sativa L.)


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