New emissive dopamine derivatives as fluorescent chemosensors for metal ions: A CHEF effect for Al(III) interaction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Three new Schiff-base ligands 1-3 derivatives from neurotransmitter dopamine, bearing an indazole (1), methylimidazole (2) or hydroxynaphthaldehyde (3) units were successfully synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, 1 H NMR, 13 C NMR, IR (infrared), ESI-TOF (electrospray ionization-time of flight-mass), UV-Vis absorption and emission spectroscopy. The interaction with the metal ions Li + , Na + , Mg 2+ , Ca 2+ , Zn 2+ , Cd 2+ , Cu 2+ , Ni 2+ , Ag + , Fe 3+ and Al 3+ has been explored by absorption and fluorescence emission spectroscopy. Compound 3 shows to be the most emissive one, with a quantum yield of 0.022, followed by compound 2 (φ = 0.009) and 1 (φ = 0.001). Compound 1 reveals quite selective for Al 3+ , generating an emissive complex formed by three units of 1 per metal ion. On the other hand compound 3, shows a ratiometric effect with Al 3+ appearing as a new emission band centred at 530 nm. With the other transition and post-transition metal ions, a quenching in the emission was observed, being 3 the most sensitive one, being quenched by 0.34 ppm of Zn 2+ and Cu 2+ , 0.48 ppm of Ni 2+ , 0.061 ppm of Fe 3+ and 0.047 ppm of Al 3+ . In most cases a stoichiometry of three ligands by one metal ion was postulated. In order to study the fluorescence properties in the solid state, the Al 3+ metal complexes of 1 (4) and 3 (5) were synthesized as new emissive materials. In both cases a very strong emissive systems were obtained, with a quantum yield of 0.01 and 0.04 for 4 and 5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-211
Number of pages9
JournalInorganica Chimica Acta
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2012


  • Aluminium(III)
  • Chemosensors
  • Fluorescence
  • Neurotransmitter dopamine
  • Schiff-bases


Dive into the research topics of 'New emissive dopamine derivatives as fluorescent chemosensors for metal ions: A CHEF effect for Al(III) interaction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this