Neuropsycholinguistic Profile of Patients Post-Stroke in the Left Hemisphere with Expressive Aphasia

Denise Fontoura, Jaqueline Rodrigues, Letícia Mansur, Ana Maria Martins Monção Fernandes, Jerusa Salles

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Abstract

This study investigated the different performance of neuropsycholinguistic profiles in post-stroke patients in the left hemisphere (LH) with expressive aphasia, compared to healthy controls. We used the case-control study design with a sample consisting of 14 Brazilian adult patients (mean age 55.8; SD = 12.5), of both genders, with ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke in the LH and 16 healthy adults (mean age 56; SD = 10.9). All participants underwent neuropsycholinguistic evaluation. Statistically significant differences were found between the clinical group and the control group in the functions of attention, working memory, verbal episodic-semantic memory, constructive praxis, executive functions and expressive language skills.
We concluded that the linguistic and non-linguistic cognitive skills and socio-demographic characteristics of the aphasic patients should be analyzed in detail to
facilitate the development of more effective rehabilitation programs for aphasia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-110
Number of pages20
JournalRevista Neuropsicología, Neuropsiquiatría y Neurociencias
Volume13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Broca Aphasia
Stroke
Episodic Memory
Aphasia
Executive Function
Linguistics
Short-Term Memory
Semantics
Case-Control Studies
Language
Rehabilitation
Demography
Control Groups

Keywords

  • stroke
  • aphasia
  • neuropsychology
  • assessment
  • cognition

Cite this

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title = "Neuropsycholinguistic Profile of Patients Post-Stroke in the Left Hemisphere with Expressive Aphasia",
abstract = "This study investigated the different performance of neuropsycholinguistic profiles in post-stroke patients in the left hemisphere (LH) with expressive aphasia, compared to healthy controls. We used the case-control study design with a sample consisting of 14 Brazilian adult patients (mean age 55.8; SD = 12.5), of both genders, with ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke in the LH and 16 healthy adults (mean age 56; SD = 10.9). All participants underwent neuropsycholinguistic evaluation. Statistically significant differences were found between the clinical group and the control group in the functions of attention, working memory, verbal episodic-semantic memory, constructive praxis, executive functions and expressive language skills.We concluded that the linguistic and non-linguistic cognitive skills and socio-demographic characteristics of the aphasic patients should be analyzed in detail tofacilitate the development of more effective rehabilitation programs for aphasia.",
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author = "Denise Fontoura and Jaqueline Rodrigues and Let{\'i}cia Mansur and Fernandes, {Ana Maria Martins Mon{\cc}{\~a}o} and Jerusa Salles",
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Neuropsycholinguistic Profile of Patients Post-Stroke in the Left Hemisphere with Expressive Aphasia. / Fontoura, Denise; Rodrigues, Jaqueline; Mansur, Letícia; Fernandes, Ana Maria Martins Monção; Salles, Jerusa.

In: Revista Neuropsicología, Neuropsiquiatría y Neurociencias, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2013, p. 91-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Fontoura, Denise

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AU - Mansur, Letícia

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AU - Salles, Jerusa

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AB - This study investigated the different performance of neuropsycholinguistic profiles in post-stroke patients in the left hemisphere (LH) with expressive aphasia, compared to healthy controls. We used the case-control study design with a sample consisting of 14 Brazilian adult patients (mean age 55.8; SD = 12.5), of both genders, with ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke in the LH and 16 healthy adults (mean age 56; SD = 10.9). All participants underwent neuropsycholinguistic evaluation. Statistically significant differences were found between the clinical group and the control group in the functions of attention, working memory, verbal episodic-semantic memory, constructive praxis, executive functions and expressive language skills.We concluded that the linguistic and non-linguistic cognitive skills and socio-demographic characteristics of the aphasic patients should be analyzed in detail tofacilitate the development of more effective rehabilitation programs for aphasia.

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