Neuropsychiatric Aspects of Impulse Control Disorders

Bruno Silva, Hugo Canas-Simião, Andrea E. Cavanna

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Impulse control disorders (ICDs) are neuropsychiatric conditions characterized by the repeated inability to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the person or others. Although classification approaches to ICDs vary both diachronically and synchronically, this group of conditions encompasses a wide range of syndromes, including pathologic gambling, kleptomania, trichotillomania, excoriation (skin picking) disorder, intermittent explosive disorder, pyromania, oppositional defiant, conduct, and antisocial personality disorders. ICDs can play a significant role as comorbidities in both neurodevelopmental (eg, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Tourette syndrome) and neurodegenerative (eg, Parkinson disease) disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-262
JournalPsychiatric Clinics of North America
Volume43
Issue number2
Early online date8 Apr 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Impulse control disorders
  • Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders
  • Parkinson disease
  • Tourette syndrome

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