Neologisms in bio- and -ívoro

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The problematic of the word formation process that involves the junction of neoclassical elements is not recent and, among others, Darmesteter (1877), Marchand (1969) and Bauer (1983), had already recognized that it will be a special domain, to be studied in more depth, these authors seeking to delimit the status of the neoclassical elements that occur in certain formations and, consequently, avoid the profusion of designations, either those of such elements or those of the process in which they intervene. In recent years, there are frequent new words in the current vocabulary in which elements from Greek and Latin occur, a formation process that has raised much discussion, insofar as for some it will be a type of compounding and, for others, derivation. The former point out that there are no significant differences between this process and vernacular compounding, while the latter claim that some of these elements behave similarly to prefixes and suffixes. Starting from units in which it occurs ``bio-`` (``biociência`` and ``biodegradável``, ...) and ``-ívoro`` (``alfacívoro`` and ``energívoro``, ...), one of the aspects that will be explored with regard to neoclassical elements is related to the fact that in Latin and Greek they are lexemes, later ceasing to have autonomy and starting to occur only together with elements of the same type, while in the neology of common language some of them function (exclusively?) either as prefixes or as suffixes. Thus, it will be argued that ``bio-``, element that in the new formations occurs exclusively in the initial position and is welded to the words, and ``-ívoro``, which is welded to the right of a vernacular radical, are currently in no way different from the affixes of Portuguese.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalArts, Linguistics, Literature and Language Research Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Morphology
  • Word formation
  • Composition
  • Derivation
  • Neoclassical elements


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