In this article, we argue that TINA – the acronym for ‘There Is No Alternative’–is the main feature of neoliberalism, and the main political rule of neoliberal states and individuals. This feature challenges the economic and political liberal tradition, both classical and contemporary. We begin by brieﬂy presenting the nondissociable link between TINA and neoliberalism, and contrasting neoliberal TINA with liberal political theory. As neoliberal ideology is ultimately a global political project, on the one hand, the understanding of TINA can oﬀer complementary political arguments to tackle neoliberalism. On the other hand, the eﬀort to undermine and displace the overwhelming neoliberal political power also must involve dismantling the TINA argument. Our analysis is also all the more important when neoliberal measures in the European Union are presented as inevitable. We recur mostly to economic aspects of the European sovereign debt crisis, namely the austerity program implemented in Greece and Portugal, to illustrate our arguments.
- National and international institutions
- Political rule