Natural Nanofibres for Composite Applications

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Cellulose and chitin are the two most abundant natural polysaccharides. Both have a semicrystalline microfibrillar structure from which nanofibres can be extracted. These nanofibres are rod-like microcrystals that can be used as nanoscale reinforcements in composites due to their outstanding mechanical properties. This chapter starts by reviewing the sources, extraction methods and properties of cellulose and chitin nanofibres. Then, their use in the fabrication of structural and functional nanocomposites and the applications that have been investigated are reviewed. Nanocomposites are materials with internal nano-sized structures. They benefit from the properties of the nanofillers: low density, nonabrasive, nontoxic, low cost, susceptibility to chemical modifications and biodegradability. Diverse manufacturing technologies have been used to produce films, fibres, foams, sponges, aerogels, etc. Given their natural origin and high stiffness, these polymers have attracted a lot of attention not only in the biomedical and tissue engineering fields but also in areas such as pharmaceutics, cosmetics, agriculture, biosensors and water treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFibrous and Textile Materials for Composite Applications
EditorsSohel Rana, Raul Fangueiro
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Pages261-299
Number of pages39
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-10-0234-2
ISBN (Print)978-981-10-0232-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2016

Publication series

NameTextile Science and Clothing Technology
PublisherSpringer Singapore
ISSN (Print)2197-9863

Keywords

  • Textile Engineering
  • Characterization and Evaluation of Materials
  • Nanochemistry
  • Industrial Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Production Engineering

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