Nótulas sobre a negação no Livro dos Oficios

Translated title of the contribution: Notes on negation in the Livro dos Oficios

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It is our purpose in this article to contribute to the study of two forms of negative polarity - 'nothing' and 'never/ever' - whose origin and semantic evolution will be examined by observing the meaning conveyed by the Latin expressions they derive from and how they came to be grammaticalized in Portuguese. For that purpose, we will analyse a restricted group of these forms, as found in the Portuguese translations of the treatises De officiis by Cicero and De beneficiis by Seneca, both attributed to Infant Dom Pedro. We seek to define the values these forms assume and assess whether they correspond to the values conveyed by the Latin texts.

Translated title of the contributionNotes on negation in the Livro dos Oficios
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)293-304
Number of pages12
JournalAgora - Estudos Classicos em Debate
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Grammaticalization
  • Livro dos Ofícios
  • Negation
  • Never/ever
  • Nothing
  • Virtuosa benfeitoria


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