MutT from the fish pathogen Aliivibrio salmonicida is a cold-active nucleotide-pool sanitization enzyme with unexpectedly high thermostability

Kjersti Lian, Hanna Kirsti S Leiros, Elin Moe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Upon infection by pathogenic bacteria, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is part of the host organism's first line of defence. ROS damage a number of macromolecules, and in order to withstand such a harsh environment, the bacteria need to have well-functioning ROS scavenging and repair systems. Herein, MutT is an important nucleotide-pool sanitization enzyme, which degrades 8-oxo-dGTP and thus prevents it from being incorporated into DNA. In this context, we have performed a comparative biochemical and structural analysis of MutT from the fish pathogen Aliivibrio salmonicida (AsMutT) and the human pathogen Vibrio cholerae (VcMutT), in order to analyse their function as nucleotide sanitization enzymes and also determine possible cold-adapted properties of AsMutT. The biochemical characterisation revealed that both enzymes possess activity towards the 8-oxo-dGTP substrate, and that AsMutT has a higher catalytic efficiency than VcMutT at all temperatures studied. Calculations based on the biochemical data also revealed a lower activation energy (Ea) for AsMutT compared to VcMutT, and differential scanning calorimetry experiments showed that AsMutT displayed an unexpected higher melting temperature (Tm) value than VcMutT. A comparative analysis of the crystal structure of VcMutT, determined to 2.42Å resolution, and homology models of AsMutT indicate that three unique Gly residues in loops of VcMutT, and additional long range ion-pairs in AsMutT could explain the difference in temperature stability of the two enzymes. We conclude that AsMutT is a stable, cold-active enzyme with high catalytic efficiency and reduced Ea, compared to the mesophilic VcMutT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-116
Number of pages10
JournalFEBS Open Bio
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • 8-oxo-dGTP
  • Cold adaptation
  • MutT
  • Nucleotide sanitization
  • Temperature stability

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