A new approach to improve reliability in distribution networks using energy storage systems is presented in this paper. Electric utilities have been using switching devices in distribution networks mainly to improve network reliability considering sustained interruptions. Temporary interruptions have been relegated to second place. However in modern societies appliances with electronic components are becoming more sensitive to temporary interruptions. Because of this, reliability indexes like the Momentary Average Interruption Frequency Index (MAIFI) that considers temporary interruptions are receiving more attention by electric utilities. The integration of storage systems into the multiobjective planning of distribution networks is proposed in this paper, to improve the reliability index MAIFI. This approach considers the optimization of storage systems integrated in a problem with multiple objective functions. The reliability index MAIFI is the first objective function, minimized by optimally choosing the size and location of battery banks in the distribution network. The second objective function, System Average Interruption Frequency Index (SAIDI) is optimized by finding the optimal number and location of switching devices. The third objective function consists on the minimization of the equipment cost. The optimization of these conflicting functions is achieved by the use of the Non-Dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II).
- Distribution network planning
- Multiobjective optimization
- NSGA-II algorithm
- Reliability indexes SAIDI and MAIFI
- Storage systems
- Switching devices