Multi-period capacitated facility location under delayed demand satisfaction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


We address an extension of the classical multi-period facility location problem in which customers are sensitive to delivery lead times. Accordingly, two customer segments are considered. The first segment comprises customers that require timely demand satisfaction, whereas customers accepting delayed deliveries make up the second segment. Each customer belonging to the latter segment specifies a maximum delivery time. A tardiness penalty is incurred to each unit of demand that is not satisfied on time. In the problem that we study, a network is already in place with a number of facilities being operated at fixed locations. The network can be expanded by establishing new facilities at a finite set of potential sites and selecting their capacity levels from a set of available discrete sizes. In addition, existing facilities may be closed over the time horizon. Two mixed-integer linear programming formulations are proposed to re-design the network at minimum cost and a theoretical comparison of their linear relaxations is provided. We also extend the mathematical models to the case in which each customer accepting delayed demand satisfaction requires late shipments to occur at most once over the delivery lead time. To gain insight into how challenging these problems are to solve, a computational study is performed with randomly generated instances and using a general-purpose solver. Useful insights are derived from analyzing the impact of different delivery lead time restrictions on the network structure and cost. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-746
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Capacity choice
  • Delivery lateness
  • Location
  • MILP models
  • Multi-period


Dive into the research topics of 'Multi-period capacitated facility location under delayed demand satisfaction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this