Molecular diversity of methicillin-resistant and-susceptible staphylococcus aureus detected in animals: A focus on aquatic animals

Vanessa Silva, Andreia Monteiro, Maria Porto, Ana Sampaio, Luís Maltez, José Eduardo Pereira, Florin Aonofriesei, José Luis Capelo, Gilberto Igrejas, Patrícia Poeta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)


Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) are one of the best-known opportunistic pathogens capable of causing different types of infections in animals. Furthermore, it has the ability to acquire resistance to various antibiotics very easily. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) are currently of great concern as they are the leading cause of infections in humans and animals, with a major impact on health and the economy. Several studies already demonstrate that the spread of MRSA is constantly increasing due to its ability to form reservoirs in humans, animals and the environment. In fact, several works have already identified the presence of these bacteria in animals, including domestic animals, farm animals and even wild animals. Furthermore, the incidence of various S. aureus strains in aquatic animals has also been reported by different authors, although it is still a rarely discussed topic. Some of these strains have previously been associated with humans and other animals. Strain 398 is the strain that manages to infect a wider spectrum of hosts, having been identified in several different species. Aside from this strain, many others have yet to be identified. In addition, many of these strains have virulence factors and antibiotic resistance genes that worsen the situation. The present work is a review of studies that intend to investigate the epidemiology of this agent in samples of aquatic animals from different origins, in order to better understand its distribution, prevalence and the molecular lineages associated with these species.

Original languageEnglish
Article number417
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Aquatic animals
  • MRSA
  • S. aureus
  • Wildlife


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