Molecular details on multiple cofactor containing redox metalloproteins revealed by infrared and resonance raman spectroscopies

Célia M. Silveira, Lidia Zuccarello, Catarina Barbosa, Giorgio Caserta, Ingo Zebger, Peter Hildebrandt, Smilja Todorovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Vibrational spectroscopy and in particular, resonance Raman (RR) spectroscopy, can provide molecular details on metalloproteins containing multiple cofactors, which are often challenging for other spectroscopies. Due to distinct spectroscopic fingerprints, RR spectroscopy has a unique capacity to monitor simultaneously and independently different metal cofactors that can have particular roles in metalloproteins. These include e.g., (i) different types of hemes, for instance hemes c, a and a3 in caa3-type oxygen reductases, (ii) distinct spin populations, such as electron transfer (ET) low-spin (LS) and catalytic high-spin (HS) hemes in nitrite reductases, (iii) different types of Fe-S clusters, such as 3Fe-4S and 4Fe-4S centers in di-cluster ferredoxins, and (iv) bi-metallic center and ET Fe-S clusters in hydrogenases. IR spectroscopy can provide unmatched molecular details on specific enzymes like hydrogenases that possess catalytic centers coordinated by CO and CN ligands, which exhibit spectrally well separated IR bands. This article reviews the work on metalloproteins for which vibrational spectroscopy has ensured advances in understanding structural and mechanistic properties, including multiple heme-containing proteins, such as nitrite reductases that house a notable total of 28 hemes in a functional unit, respiratory chain complexes, and hydrogenases that carry out the most fundamental functions in cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4852
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2021


  • Fe-S clusters
  • Heme proteins
  • Hydrogenases
  • IR
  • Metalloproteins
  • Resonance Raman spectroscopy
  • Vibrational spectroscopy


Dive into the research topics of 'Molecular details on multiple cofactor containing redox metalloproteins revealed by infrared and resonance raman spectroscopies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this