Molecular assessment of wild populations in the marine realm: Importance of taxonomic, seasonal and habitat patterns in environmental monitoring

Diana Madeira, Vanessa Mendonça, Carolina Madeira, Cristiana Gaiteiro, Catarina Vinagre, Mário S. Diniz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Scientists are currently faced with the challenge of assessing the effects of anthropogenic stressors on aquatic ecosystems. Cellular stress response (CSR) biomarkers are ubiquitous and phylogenetically conserved among metazoans and have been successfully applied in environmental monitoring but they can also vary according to natural biotic and abiotic factors. The reported variability may thus limit the wide application of biomarkers in monitoring, imposing the need to identify variability levels in the field. Our aim was to carry out a comprehensive in situ assessment of the CSR (heat shock protein 70 kDa, ubiquitin, antioxidant enzymes) and oxidative damage (lipid peroxidation) in wild populations across marine taxa by collecting fish, crustaceans, mollusks and cnidarians during two different seasons (spring and summer) and two habitat types (coast and estuary). CSR end-point patterns were different between taxa with mollusks having higher biomarker levels, followed by the cnidarians, while fish and crustaceans showed lower biomarker levels. The PCA showed clear clusters related to mobility/sessile traits with sessile organisms showing greater levels (>2-fold) of CSR proteins and oxidative damage. Mean intraspecific variability in the CSR measured by the coefficient of variation (% CV) (including data from all seasons and sites) was elevated (35–94%). Overall, there was a seasonal differentiation in biomarker patterns across taxonomic groups, especially evident in fish and cnidarians. A differentiation in biomarker patterns between habitat types was also observed and associated with phenotypic plasticity or local adaptation. Overall, specimens collected in the estuary had lower biomarker levels when compared to specimens collected in the coast. This work highlights the importance of assessing baseline biomarker levels across taxa, seasons and habitats prior to applying biomarker analyses in environmental monitoring. Selecting bioindicator species, defining sampling strategies, and identifying confounding factors are crucial preliminary steps that ensure the success of biomarkers as powerful tools in biomonitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-263
Number of pages14
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume654
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Biomarkers
wild population
environmental monitoring
biomarker
Monitoring
habitat
Fish
Estuaries
habitat type
crustacean
Coastal zones
fish
estuary
damage
Proteins
protein
spring (season)
biotic factor
local adaptation
coast

Keywords

  • Cellular stress response
  • Environmental risk assessment
  • Habitat
  • Monitoring
  • Season
  • Taxa

Cite this

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title = "Molecular assessment of wild populations in the marine realm: Importance of taxonomic, seasonal and habitat patterns in environmental monitoring",
abstract = "Scientists are currently faced with the challenge of assessing the effects of anthropogenic stressors on aquatic ecosystems. Cellular stress response (CSR) biomarkers are ubiquitous and phylogenetically conserved among metazoans and have been successfully applied in environmental monitoring but they can also vary according to natural biotic and abiotic factors. The reported variability may thus limit the wide application of biomarkers in monitoring, imposing the need to identify variability levels in the field. Our aim was to carry out a comprehensive in situ assessment of the CSR (heat shock protein 70 kDa, ubiquitin, antioxidant enzymes) and oxidative damage (lipid peroxidation) in wild populations across marine taxa by collecting fish, crustaceans, mollusks and cnidarians during two different seasons (spring and summer) and two habitat types (coast and estuary). CSR end-point patterns were different between taxa with mollusks having higher biomarker levels, followed by the cnidarians, while fish and crustaceans showed lower biomarker levels. The PCA showed clear clusters related to mobility/sessile traits with sessile organisms showing greater levels (>2-fold) of CSR proteins and oxidative damage. Mean intraspecific variability in the CSR measured by the coefficient of variation ({\%} CV) (including data from all seasons and sites) was elevated (35–94{\%}). Overall, there was a seasonal differentiation in biomarker patterns across taxonomic groups, especially evident in fish and cnidarians. A differentiation in biomarker patterns between habitat types was also observed and associated with phenotypic plasticity or local adaptation. Overall, specimens collected in the estuary had lower biomarker levels when compared to specimens collected in the coast. This work highlights the importance of assessing baseline biomarker levels across taxa, seasons and habitats prior to applying biomarker analyses in environmental monitoring. Selecting bioindicator species, defining sampling strategies, and identifying confounding factors are crucial preliminary steps that ensure the success of biomarkers as powerful tools in biomonitoring.",
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author = "Diana Madeira and Vanessa Mendon{\cc}a and Carolina Madeira and Cristiana Gaiteiro and Catarina Vinagre and Diniz, {M{\'a}rio S.}",
note = "This study had the support of the Portuguese Funda{\cc}{\~a}o Calouste Gulbenkian throught the Research Stimulus Program Award 2012 given to D.M. [ 126739 ]. It also had the support of the Portuguese Funda{\cc}{\~a}o para a Ci{\^e}ncia e a Tecnologia (FCT) through the researcher position awarded to C.V. and the grants [SFRH/BD/80613/2011 and SFRH/BPD/117491/2016 awarded to D.M.; strategic project grants UID/Multi/04378/2013 awarded to UCIBIO, UID/MAR/04292/2013 awarded to MARE, and UID/AMB/50017 awarded to CESAM]. It also had the support of ERDF under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement and Compete 2020 [ POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007728 to UCIBIO and POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007638 to CESAM]. Funding sources had no involvement in the study or preparation of the article.",
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Molecular assessment of wild populations in the marine realm: Importance of taxonomic, seasonal and habitat patterns in environmental monitoring. / Madeira, Diana; Mendonça, Vanessa; Madeira, Carolina; Gaiteiro, Cristiana; Vinagre, Catarina; Diniz, Mário S.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 654, 01.03.2019, p. 250-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mendonça, Vanessa

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AU - Gaiteiro, Cristiana

AU - Vinagre, Catarina

AU - Diniz, Mário S.

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