Modulating the thermodynamics, kinetics and photochemistry of 7-diethylamino-4′: dimethylaminoflavylium in water/ethanol, SDS and CTAB micelles

Paula Araújo, Joana Oliveira, Nuno Basílio, A. Jorge Parola, Victor de Freitas, Fernando Pina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The thermodynamics and kinetics of compound 7-diethylamino-4′-dimethylaminoflavylium were studied in water : ethanol (1 : 1) and water in the presence of SDS and CTAB micelles. The blue flavylium cation is in equilibrium with the pink protonated flavylium cation defined by pKAH2+/AH+ and the yellow trans-chalcone, defined by pKAH+/Ct. The difference between these two pKs gives the pH domain of the flavylium cation, ΔpK = 1.95 in CTAB, ΔpK = 5.6 in water/ethanol (1 : 1) and ΔpK = 8.5 in SDS micelles. On the other hand, the pH domain of the trans-chalcone is limited by pKAH+/Ct and pKCt/Ct. It is lower in SDS micelles ΔpK = 2.7, increases in ethanol/water (1 : 1) ΔpK = 5.1 and is maximum in CTAB micelles, ΔpK = 6.8. All these effects can be explained by the electric charge present at the micellar surface. Relative energy level diagrams that allow for the explanation of the driving forces for any pH stimuli or light absorption were constructed from the calculated equilibrium constants. Irradiation of the trans-chalcone at 466 nm leads to the formation of the flavylium cation. In water : ethanol (1 : 1), the photochemistry is residual with Φ < 0.00002, while in SDS micelles at pH = 7 light increases the rate of the spontaneous conversion of trans-chalcone to the flavylium cation, with quantum yield Φ = 0.002; photochromism from trans-chalcone to give the flavylium cation with the same quantum yield is also observed in CTAB micelles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17593-17604
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume24
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2022

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