Changes in a protonated Nafion-112 membrane as a result of the incorporation of the cation n-dodecyltrimethylammonium (DTA(+)) by proton exchange mechanism are studied. Membrane surface modifications were analysed by AFM, XPS and contact angle measurements in order to obtain information about changes in the membrane surface roughness, chemical nature and hydrophobic character, while electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and methanol permeation measurements were carried out to establish changes in the bulk membrane. The reduction obtained for the surface roughness and the hydrophobic character of Nafion-112/DTA(+) equilibrated membrane as well as for the fluorine atomic concentration percentage and the increase in nitrogen percentage indicates modification of Nafion-112 membrane surface, while the increase of electrical resistance and the decrease of methanol permeability give information on bulk membrane changes. The higher thermal stability and lower water loss of the Nafion-112/DTA(+) membrane are points of interest for applications such as PEMFC or DMFCs, respectively. Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Impedance spectroscopy
- Methanol permeation
- n-Dodecyltrimethylammonium cation