Modelling the metabolic shift of polyphosphate-accumulating organisms

B. Acevedo, L. Borras, A. Oehmen, R. Barat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) is one of the most important methods of phosphorus removal in municipal wastewater treatment plants, having been described by different modelling approaches. In this process, the PAOs (polyphosphate accumulating organisms) and GAOs (glycogen accumulating organisms) compete for volatile fatty acids uptake under anaerobic conditions. Recent studies have revealed that the metabolic pathways used by PAOs in order to obtain the energy and the reducing power needed for polyhydroxyalkanoates synthesis could change depending on the amount of polyphosphate stored in the cells. The model presented in this paper extends beyond previously developed metabolic models by including the ability of PAO to change their metabolic pathways according to the content of poly-P available. The processes of the PAO metabolic model were adapted to new formulations enabling the change from P-driven VFA uptake to glycogen-driven VFA uptake using the same process equations. The stoichiometric parameters were changed from a typical PAO coefficient to a typical GAO coefficient depending on the internal poly-P with Monod-type expressions. The model was calibrated and validated with seven experiments under different internal poly-P concentrations, showing the ability to correctly represent the PAO metabolic shift at low poly-P concentrations. The sensitivity and error analysis showed that the model is robust and has the ability to describe satisfactorily the change from one metabolic pathway to the other one, thereby encompassing a wider range of process conditions found in EBPR plants. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-244
Number of pages10
JournalWater Research
Volume65
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Polyphosphate accumulating metabolism (PAM)
  • Glycogen accumulating metabolism (GAM)
  • Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR)
  • Metabolic models
  • Polyphosphate (poly-P)
  • Polyphosphate accumulating organism (PAO)
  • BIOLOGICAL PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL
  • PAO-GAO COMPETITION
  • ACTIVATED-SLUDGE
  • ACETATE UPTAKE
  • SCALE
  • SYSTEMS
  • PH
  • STOICHIOMETRY
  • STORAGE

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