Modelling and forecasting recurrent recovery events on consumer loans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Even though multiple failure-time data are ubiquitous in finance and economics especially in the credit risk domain, it is unfortunate that naive statistical techniques which ignore the subsequent events are commonly used to analyse such data. Applying standard statistical methods without addressing the recurrence of the events produces biased and inefficient estimates, thus offering erroneous predictions. We explore various ways of modelling and forecasting recurrent delinquency and recovery events on consumer loans. Using consumer loans data from a severely distressed economic environment, we illustrate and empirically compare extended Cox models for ordered recurrent recovery events. We highlight that accounting for multiple events proffers detailed information, thus providing a nuanced understanding of the recovery prognosis of delinquents. For ordered indistinguishable recurrent recovery events, we recommend using the Andersen and Gill (1982) model since it fits the assumptions and performs well on predicting recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-287
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Decision Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019


  • Consumer loans
  • Cox model
  • Credit risk
  • Delinquency
  • Frailty models
  • MSM
  • Multi-state models
  • Recovery
  • Recurrent events
  • Variance-corrected models

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