Modeling photovoltaic potential for bus shelters on a city-scale: A case study in Lisbon

Teresa Santos, Killian Lobato, Jorge Rocha, José António Tenedório

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9 Citations (Scopus)
167 Downloads (Pure)


The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development set 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These include ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all (SGD7) and making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable (SGD11). Thus, across the globe, major cities are moving in the smart city direction, by, for example, incorporating photovoltaics (PV), electric buses and sensors to improve public transportation. We study the concept of integrated PV bus stop shelters for the city of Lisbon. We identified the suitable locations for these, with respect to solar exposure, by using a Geographic Information System (GIS) solar radiation map. Then, using proxies to describe tourist and commuter demand, we determined that 54% of all current city bus stop shelters have the potential to receive PV-based solutions. Promoting innovative solutions such as this one will support smart mobility and urban sustainability while increasing quality of life, the ultimate goal of the Smart Cities movement.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4801
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


  • GIS
  • Photovoltaic
  • Public space
  • Smart city
  • Solar potential


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