Modeling electrostatic interactions of baculovirus vectors for ion-exchange process development

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Product-related impurities constitute a major burden in the production of recombinant viral vectors for gene therapy and vaccination; it impairs not only the biological efficacy of the preparation but the process yield/productivity. Recombinant baculovirus was used as an enveloped virus model to address this issue. Given that ion-exchange chromatography is a process of choice for purification of viral vectors, the analysis of the electrostatic behavior can be instrumental for the improvement of impurity removal. The main species, product (infective virus particle) and product-derived impurities (dsDNA-, glycoprotein-, and envelope-deprived baculovirus particles), were isolated and correspondent zeta potentials were analyzed through dynamic light scattering. A model of the virus based on the viral components critical for biological function is proposed. The contribution of these viral components to the overall particle electrostatic interaction energy profile (calculated between the particle and a putative ion-exchange surface) was assessed as a function of ionic strength and pH. This resulted in a deterministic tool capable of distinguishing the electrostatic properties of the infective virus particle from the major virus-related impurities. Within an ion-exchange bind-elute process, this knowledge helps narrow the optimization space in early stage process development for viral vectors by predicting the best selectivity conditions
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3754-3764
JournalJournal Of Chromatography A
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2010


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