Modeling collective morality via evolutionary game theory

Luís Moniz Pereira, Ari Saptawijaya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have been addressing problems in machine ethics dealt with by using computational techniques. In the preceding chapters, our research has focused on Computational Logic, particularly Logic Programming, and its appropriateness to model morality, namely moral permissibility, its justification, and the dual-process ofmoral judgments regarding the realm of the individual. Now, in the sections of this chapter, we address the collective realm computationally, using Evolutionary Game Theory in populations of individuals, to report on norms and morality emergence. These populations, to start with, are not equipped with much cognitive capability, and simply act from a predetermined set of actions. Our research has shown that the introduction of cognitive capabilities, such as intention recognition, commitment, apology, forgiveness, and revenge, separately and jointly, reinforce the emergence of cooperation in populations, comparatively to their absence. We then prospect future work concerned with adding guilt. In particular, we show: • how learning to recognize intentions and committing resolve cooperation dilemmas; • the evaluation of two strategies in the emergence of cooperation in groups, viz., avoidance versus restriction; • the role of apology in committed versus commitment-free repeated interactions; • how apology and forgiveness evolve to resolve failures in cooperative agreements; • the role that guilt may play to prime apology and forgiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStudies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages141-157
Number of pages17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Publication series

NameStudies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics
Volume26
ISSN (Print)2192-6255
ISSN (Electronic)2192-6263

Keywords

  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Free Rider
  • Public Good Game
  • Evolutionary Game Theory
  • Commitment Strategy

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    Pereira, L. M., & Saptawijaya, A. (2016). Modeling collective morality via evolutionary game theory. In Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics (pp. 141-157). (Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics; Vol. 26). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29354-7_9