Model-based estimation of unemployment rates in small areas of Portugal

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The high level of unemployment is a major problem in most European countries nowadays. Hence, the demand for small area labor market statistics has rapidly increased over the past few years. The Portuguese Labour Force Survey is the main source of official statistics at the macro level. However, it was not designed to produce reliable design-based statistics at the micro level due to small sample sizes. The goal of this article is to analyze the performance of model-based small area estimators to estimate the unemployment rate at micro level. Our results showed that the temporal estimator is the most suitable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1325-1342
Number of pages18
JournalCommunications in Statistics - Theory and Methods
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2013


  • Best linear unbiased prediction
  • Hierarchical Bayes
  • Small area estimation
  • Unemployment rate


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