Mobilidade e expertise na contratação dos primeiros professores do Instituto Superior Técnico

Translated title of the contribution: Mobility and expertise in the process of hiring the first group of teachers in Instituto Superior Técnico (Lisbon)

Ana Cardoso De Matos, Maria da Luz Sampaio

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Abstract

No início do século XX os actores da renovação do ensino técnico em Portugal foram, por um lado, estrangeiros provenientes das principais universidades e escolas de engenharia europeias e, por outro, portugueses formados nas escolas estrangeiras que na altura eram uma referência a nível internacional. Nestas escolas serão recrutados os professores estrangeiros que integraram o primeiro grupo de docentes do Instituto Superior Técnico aos quais se associaram alguns professores do antigo Instituto Industrial e Comercial de Lisboa e outros docentes, que foram selecionados por se destacarem pelo seu saber técnico-científico e pela sua prática profissional.
Um dos contributos centrais desta análise é, com base na análise crítica dos processos individuais dos primeiros professores estrangeiros do IST, verificar como foi decisiva a rede nacional e europeia de homens de ciência e engenheiros na contratação destes professores, e verificar como Portugal se inseria numa rede supranacional de mobilidade experts e de circulação de conhecimentos.

At the beginning of the 20th century the contributors to the renewal and innovation of technical education in Portugal were, on one side, foreigners who studied in the main universities and engineering schools in Europe, and on another, Portuguese engineers who were trained in foreign schools, prestigious at an international level. In national schools, foreign teachers started being recruited and they joined the first group of docents of the Instituto Superior Técnico, to which some teachers of the previously Instituto Comercial de Lisboa became associated, as well as other docents, selected by their technical and scientifical knowledge and achievements in professional practice. One of the main contributions of this analysis resides in verifying, through the reference of the individual processes of foreign teachers in IST, how decisive this national and European network of engineers was in the choice to hire those teachers, and how Portugal was framed in a supranational network of mobility of specialists and of circulation of knowledge.
Translated title of the contributionMobility and expertise in the process of hiring the first group of teachers in Instituto Superior Técnico (Lisbon)
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)443-465
Number of pages23
JournalRevista de Historia da Sociedade e da Cultura
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Engineering education
  • European network
  • Instituto Superior Técnico
  • Mobility
  • Ensino da engenharia
  • mobilidade
  • rede europeia

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