A series of four mixed ligand aroylhydrazone and N-donor heterocyclic Lewis base Cu(II) complexes [CuL(X)]2 [L refers to the dianionic form of (5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-2-hydroxybenzohydrazide; X = pyrazine (Pz; 1), pyridine (Py; 2), imidazole (Imz; 3) and 3-pyridinecarbonitrile (3-PyCN; 4)] has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, various spectroscopic techniques and X-ray crystallography (for 1, 2 and 4). The antiproliferative effect of complexes 1–4 was examined in 4 human tumor cell lines (ovarian carcinoma (A2780), colorectal carcinoma (HCT116), lung adenocarcinoma (A549) and breast adenocarcinoma (MCF7)) and in normal human primary Fibroblasts. Complex 4 exhibits a high cytotoxic activity against ovarian and colorectal carcinoma cells (A2780, HCT116 respectively), with IC50 much lower than those for normal primary fibroblasts. Complex 4 could induce cell death via apoptosis but not autophagy in colorectal carcinoma cells.
- Antiproliferative agent
- Aroylhydrazone ligand
- Human tumor cell lines
- Mixed ligand copper(II) complexes
- X-ray structure