Minimally Invasive Therapies for Benign Prostatic Obstruction: A Review of Currently Available Techniques Including Prostatic Artery Embolization, Water Vapor Thermal Therapy, Prostatic Urethral Lift, Temporary Implantable Nitinol Device and Aquablation

Tiago Bilhim, Patrick Betschart, Pavel Lyatoshinsky, Gautier Müllhaupt, Dominik Abt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 66-years old male patient presents with lower urinary tract symptoms, mostly due to obstructive symptoms, and an enlarged prostate with 80 cm3, with a broad-based median lobe, suggestive of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). Trans-urethral resection of the prostate (TURP) was proposed. However, the patient desired to preserve ejaculatory function and was afraid of a potential negative impact on erectile function. Thus, the patient inquired about minimally invasive therapies (MITs) as alternatives to TURP. In this review, currently available MITs for BPO are described including prostatic artery embolization, water vapor thermal therapy (Rezum®), prostatic urethral lift, iTIND® (temporary implantable device) and aquablation (Aquabeam®). Focus is given on the description of the technique, level of evidence and advantages over conventional surgical options.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-424
JournalCardiovascular And Interventional Radiology
Volume45
Issue number4
Early online date18 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Aquablation (Aquabeam)
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  • Benign prostatic obstruction (BPO)
  • Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)
  • Minimally invasive therapies (MITs)
  • Prostatic artery embolization (PAE)
  • Prostatic urethral lift (PUL, Urolift)
  • Temporary implantable device (iTIND)
  • Water vapor thermal therapy (Rezum)

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