Migration and mental health in Europe (The state of the mental health in Europe working group

Appendix I)

Mauro Giovanni Carta, Mariola Bernal, Maria Carolina Hardoy, Josep Maria Haro-Abad, Viviane Kovess, Terry Brugha, Ville Lehtinen, Mathias C. Angermeyer, Miguel Xavier, France Kittel, Tom Fryers, Bairbre Nic Aongusa, Claes Goran Stefansson, Henrik Day Poulsen, Charles Pull, Josep Maria Haro Abad, Heinz Katschnig, Michael G. Madianos, Odd Steffen Dalgard, Rob Bijl & 24 others Wolfgang Rutz, John H. Henderson, Gaetan Lafortune, Raimundo Mateos, Paul Bebbington, José M Caldas-de-Almeida, Alv Dahl, Matti Joukaama, Venetsanos Mavrey, Pierluigi Morosini, Per Nettelbladt, Johan Ormel, Frédéric Rouillon, Dermot Walsh, Johannes Wancata, Siegfried Weyerer, Koen Demyttenaere, Karen McColl, Frederic Capuano, Jocelyne Gagnon, Trevor Hill, Zoe Morgan, Nick Taub, Jane Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

157 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This paper is a part of the work of the group that carried out the report "The state of the mental health in Europe" (European Commission, DG Health and Consumer Protection, 2004) and deals with the mental health issues related to the migration in Europe. Methods: The paper tries to describe the social, demographical and political context of the emigration in Europe and tries to indicate the needs and (mental) health problems of immigrants. A review of the literature concerning mental health risk in immigrant is also carried out. The work also faces the problem of the health policy toward immigrants and the access to health care services in Europe. Results: Migration during the 1990s has been high and characterised by new migrations. Some countries in Europe, that have been traditionally exporters of migrants have shifted to become importers. Migration has been a key force in the demographic changes of the European population. The policy of closed borders do not stop migration, but rather seems to set up a new underclass of so-called "illegals" who are suppressed and highly exploited. In 2000 there were also 392.200 asylum applications. The reviewed literature among mental health risk in some immigrant groups in Europe concerns: I) highest rate of schizophrenia; suicide; alcohol and drug abuse; access of psychiatric facilities; risk of anxiety and depression; mental health of EU immigrants once they returned to their country; early EU immigrants in today disadvantaged countries; refugees and mental health. Due to the different condition of migration concerning variables as: motivation to migrations (e.g. settler, refugees, gastarbeiters); distance for the host culture; ability to develop mediating structures; legal residential status it is impossible to consider "migrants" as a homogeneous group concerning the risk for mental illness. In this sense, psychosocial studies should be undertaken to identify those factors which may under given conditions, imply an increased risk of psychiatric disorders and influence seeking for psychiatric care. Comments and remarks: Despite in the migrants some vulnerable groups were identified with respect to health problems, in many European countries there are migrants who fall outside the existing health and social services, something which is particularly true for asylum seekers and undocumented immigrants. In order to address these deficiencies, it is necessary to provide with an adequate financing and a continuity of the grants for research into the multicultural health demand. Finally, there is to highlight the importance of adopting an integrated approach to mental health care that moves away from psychiatric care only.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalClinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health
Volume1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2005

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Mental Health
Refugees
Psychiatry
Health Services
Health
Architectural Accessibility
Health Services Accessibility
Aptitude
Organized Financing
Emigration and Immigration
Jurisprudence
Vulnerable Populations
Health Policy
Social Work
Suicide
Alcoholism
Substance-Related Disorders
Motivation
Schizophrenia
Anxiety

Cite this

Carta, Mauro Giovanni ; Bernal, Mariola ; Hardoy, Maria Carolina ; Haro-Abad, Josep Maria ; Kovess, Viviane ; Brugha, Terry ; Lehtinen, Ville ; Angermeyer, Mathias C. ; Xavier, Miguel ; Kittel, France ; Fryers, Tom ; Aongusa, Bairbre Nic ; Stefansson, Claes Goran ; Poulsen, Henrik Day ; Pull, Charles ; Abad, Josep Maria Haro ; Katschnig, Heinz ; Madianos, Michael G. ; Dalgard, Odd Steffen ; Bijl, Rob ; Rutz, Wolfgang ; Henderson, John H. ; Lafortune, Gaetan ; Mateos, Raimundo ; Bebbington, Paul ; Caldas-de-Almeida, José M ; Dahl, Alv ; Joukaama, Matti ; Mavrey, Venetsanos ; Morosini, Pierluigi ; Nettelbladt, Per ; Ormel, Johan ; Rouillon, Frédéric ; Walsh, Dermot ; Wancata, Johannes ; Weyerer, Siegfried ; Demyttenaere, Koen ; McColl, Karen ; Capuano, Frederic ; Gagnon, Jocelyne ; Hill, Trevor ; Morgan, Zoe ; Taub, Nick ; Smith, Jane. / Migration and mental health in Europe (The state of the mental health in Europe working group : Appendix I). In: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health. 2005 ; Vol. 1.
@article{ed4f05c6127c4805ab39279e7ea7eaa3,
title = "Migration and mental health in Europe (The state of the mental health in Europe working group: Appendix I)",
abstract = "Background: This paper is a part of the work of the group that carried out the report {"}The state of the mental health in Europe{"} (European Commission, DG Health and Consumer Protection, 2004) and deals with the mental health issues related to the migration in Europe. Methods: The paper tries to describe the social, demographical and political context of the emigration in Europe and tries to indicate the needs and (mental) health problems of immigrants. A review of the literature concerning mental health risk in immigrant is also carried out. The work also faces the problem of the health policy toward immigrants and the access to health care services in Europe. Results: Migration during the 1990s has been high and characterised by new migrations. Some countries in Europe, that have been traditionally exporters of migrants have shifted to become importers. Migration has been a key force in the demographic changes of the European population. The policy of closed borders do not stop migration, but rather seems to set up a new underclass of so-called {"}illegals{"} who are suppressed and highly exploited. In 2000 there were also 392.200 asylum applications. The reviewed literature among mental health risk in some immigrant groups in Europe concerns: I) highest rate of schizophrenia; suicide; alcohol and drug abuse; access of psychiatric facilities; risk of anxiety and depression; mental health of EU immigrants once they returned to their country; early EU immigrants in today disadvantaged countries; refugees and mental health. Due to the different condition of migration concerning variables as: motivation to migrations (e.g. settler, refugees, gastarbeiters); distance for the host culture; ability to develop mediating structures; legal residential status it is impossible to consider {"}migrants{"} as a homogeneous group concerning the risk for mental illness. In this sense, psychosocial studies should be undertaken to identify those factors which may under given conditions, imply an increased risk of psychiatric disorders and influence seeking for psychiatric care. Comments and remarks: Despite in the migrants some vulnerable groups were identified with respect to health problems, in many European countries there are migrants who fall outside the existing health and social services, something which is particularly true for asylum seekers and undocumented immigrants. In order to address these deficiencies, it is necessary to provide with an adequate financing and a continuity of the grants for research into the multicultural health demand. Finally, there is to highlight the importance of adopting an integrated approach to mental health care that moves away from psychiatric care only.",
author = "Carta, {Mauro Giovanni} and Mariola Bernal and Hardoy, {Maria Carolina} and Haro-Abad, {Josep Maria} and Viviane Kovess and Terry Brugha and Ville Lehtinen and Angermeyer, {Mathias C.} and Miguel Xavier and France Kittel and Tom Fryers and Aongusa, {Bairbre Nic} and Stefansson, {Claes Goran} and Poulsen, {Henrik Day} and Charles Pull and Abad, {Josep Maria Haro} and Heinz Katschnig and Madianos, {Michael G.} and Dalgard, {Odd Steffen} and Rob Bijl and Wolfgang Rutz and Henderson, {John H.} and Gaetan Lafortune and Raimundo Mateos and Paul Bebbington and Caldas-de-Almeida, {Jos{\'e} M} and Alv Dahl and Matti Joukaama and Venetsanos Mavrey and Pierluigi Morosini and Per Nettelbladt and Johan Ormel and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Rouillon and Dermot Walsh and Johannes Wancata and Siegfried Weyerer and Koen Demyttenaere and Karen McColl and Frederic Capuano and Jocelyne Gagnon and Trevor Hill and Zoe Morgan and Nick Taub and Jane Smith",
year = "2005",
month = "8",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1186/1745-0179-1-13",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
journal = "Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health",
issn = "1745-0179",
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Carta, MG, Bernal, M, Hardoy, MC, Haro-Abad, JM, Kovess, V, Brugha, T, Lehtinen, V, Angermeyer, MC, Xavier, M, Kittel, F, Fryers, T, Aongusa, BN, Stefansson, CG, Poulsen, HD, Pull, C, Abad, JMH, Katschnig, H, Madianos, MG, Dalgard, OS, Bijl, R, Rutz, W, Henderson, JH, Lafortune, G, Mateos, R, Bebbington, P, Caldas-de-Almeida, JM, Dahl, A, Joukaama, M, Mavrey, V, Morosini, P, Nettelbladt, P, Ormel, J, Rouillon, F, Walsh, D, Wancata, J, Weyerer, S, Demyttenaere, K, McColl, K, Capuano, F, Gagnon, J, Hill, T, Morgan, Z, Taub, N & Smith, J 2005, 'Migration and mental health in Europe (The state of the mental health in Europe working group: Appendix I)', Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health, vol. 1, 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-0179-1-13

Migration and mental health in Europe (The state of the mental health in Europe working group : Appendix I). / Carta, Mauro Giovanni; Bernal, Mariola; Hardoy, Maria Carolina; Haro-Abad, Josep Maria; Kovess, Viviane; Brugha, Terry; Lehtinen, Ville; Angermeyer, Mathias C.; Xavier, Miguel; Kittel, France; Fryers, Tom; Aongusa, Bairbre Nic; Stefansson, Claes Goran; Poulsen, Henrik Day; Pull, Charles; Abad, Josep Maria Haro; Katschnig, Heinz; Madianos, Michael G.; Dalgard, Odd Steffen; Bijl, Rob; Rutz, Wolfgang; Henderson, John H.; Lafortune, Gaetan; Mateos, Raimundo; Bebbington, Paul; Caldas-de-Almeida, José M; Dahl, Alv; Joukaama, Matti; Mavrey, Venetsanos; Morosini, Pierluigi; Nettelbladt, Per; Ormel, Johan; Rouillon, Frédéric; Walsh, Dermot; Wancata, Johannes; Weyerer, Siegfried; Demyttenaere, Koen; McColl, Karen; Capuano, Frederic; Gagnon, Jocelyne; Hill, Trevor; Morgan, Zoe; Taub, Nick; Smith, Jane.

In: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health, Vol. 1, 13, 31.08.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Migration and mental health in Europe (The state of the mental health in Europe working group

T2 - Appendix I)

AU - Carta, Mauro Giovanni

AU - Bernal, Mariola

AU - Hardoy, Maria Carolina

AU - Haro-Abad, Josep Maria

AU - Kovess, Viviane

AU - Brugha, Terry

AU - Lehtinen, Ville

AU - Angermeyer, Mathias C.

AU - Xavier, Miguel

AU - Kittel, France

AU - Fryers, Tom

AU - Aongusa, Bairbre Nic

AU - Stefansson, Claes Goran

AU - Poulsen, Henrik Day

AU - Pull, Charles

AU - Abad, Josep Maria Haro

AU - Katschnig, Heinz

AU - Madianos, Michael G.

AU - Dalgard, Odd Steffen

AU - Bijl, Rob

AU - Rutz, Wolfgang

AU - Henderson, John H.

AU - Lafortune, Gaetan

AU - Mateos, Raimundo

AU - Bebbington, Paul

AU - Caldas-de-Almeida, José M

AU - Dahl, Alv

AU - Joukaama, Matti

AU - Mavrey, Venetsanos

AU - Morosini, Pierluigi

AU - Nettelbladt, Per

AU - Ormel, Johan

AU - Rouillon, Frédéric

AU - Walsh, Dermot

AU - Wancata, Johannes

AU - Weyerer, Siegfried

AU - Demyttenaere, Koen

AU - McColl, Karen

AU - Capuano, Frederic

AU - Gagnon, Jocelyne

AU - Hill, Trevor

AU - Morgan, Zoe

AU - Taub, Nick

AU - Smith, Jane

PY - 2005/8/31

Y1 - 2005/8/31

N2 - Background: This paper is a part of the work of the group that carried out the report "The state of the mental health in Europe" (European Commission, DG Health and Consumer Protection, 2004) and deals with the mental health issues related to the migration in Europe. Methods: The paper tries to describe the social, demographical and political context of the emigration in Europe and tries to indicate the needs and (mental) health problems of immigrants. A review of the literature concerning mental health risk in immigrant is also carried out. The work also faces the problem of the health policy toward immigrants and the access to health care services in Europe. Results: Migration during the 1990s has been high and characterised by new migrations. Some countries in Europe, that have been traditionally exporters of migrants have shifted to become importers. Migration has been a key force in the demographic changes of the European population. The policy of closed borders do not stop migration, but rather seems to set up a new underclass of so-called "illegals" who are suppressed and highly exploited. In 2000 there were also 392.200 asylum applications. The reviewed literature among mental health risk in some immigrant groups in Europe concerns: I) highest rate of schizophrenia; suicide; alcohol and drug abuse; access of psychiatric facilities; risk of anxiety and depression; mental health of EU immigrants once they returned to their country; early EU immigrants in today disadvantaged countries; refugees and mental health. Due to the different condition of migration concerning variables as: motivation to migrations (e.g. settler, refugees, gastarbeiters); distance for the host culture; ability to develop mediating structures; legal residential status it is impossible to consider "migrants" as a homogeneous group concerning the risk for mental illness. In this sense, psychosocial studies should be undertaken to identify those factors which may under given conditions, imply an increased risk of psychiatric disorders and influence seeking for psychiatric care. Comments and remarks: Despite in the migrants some vulnerable groups were identified with respect to health problems, in many European countries there are migrants who fall outside the existing health and social services, something which is particularly true for asylum seekers and undocumented immigrants. In order to address these deficiencies, it is necessary to provide with an adequate financing and a continuity of the grants for research into the multicultural health demand. Finally, there is to highlight the importance of adopting an integrated approach to mental health care that moves away from psychiatric care only.

AB - Background: This paper is a part of the work of the group that carried out the report "The state of the mental health in Europe" (European Commission, DG Health and Consumer Protection, 2004) and deals with the mental health issues related to the migration in Europe. Methods: The paper tries to describe the social, demographical and political context of the emigration in Europe and tries to indicate the needs and (mental) health problems of immigrants. A review of the literature concerning mental health risk in immigrant is also carried out. The work also faces the problem of the health policy toward immigrants and the access to health care services in Europe. Results: Migration during the 1990s has been high and characterised by new migrations. Some countries in Europe, that have been traditionally exporters of migrants have shifted to become importers. Migration has been a key force in the demographic changes of the European population. The policy of closed borders do not stop migration, but rather seems to set up a new underclass of so-called "illegals" who are suppressed and highly exploited. In 2000 there were also 392.200 asylum applications. The reviewed literature among mental health risk in some immigrant groups in Europe concerns: I) highest rate of schizophrenia; suicide; alcohol and drug abuse; access of psychiatric facilities; risk of anxiety and depression; mental health of EU immigrants once they returned to their country; early EU immigrants in today disadvantaged countries; refugees and mental health. Due to the different condition of migration concerning variables as: motivation to migrations (e.g. settler, refugees, gastarbeiters); distance for the host culture; ability to develop mediating structures; legal residential status it is impossible to consider "migrants" as a homogeneous group concerning the risk for mental illness. In this sense, psychosocial studies should be undertaken to identify those factors which may under given conditions, imply an increased risk of psychiatric disorders and influence seeking for psychiatric care. Comments and remarks: Despite in the migrants some vulnerable groups were identified with respect to health problems, in many European countries there are migrants who fall outside the existing health and social services, something which is particularly true for asylum seekers and undocumented immigrants. In order to address these deficiencies, it is necessary to provide with an adequate financing and a continuity of the grants for research into the multicultural health demand. Finally, there is to highlight the importance of adopting an integrated approach to mental health care that moves away from psychiatric care only.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33845200879&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1745-0179-1-13

DO - 10.1186/1745-0179-1-13

M3 - Review article

VL - 1

JO - Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health

JF - Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health

SN - 1745-0179

M1 - 13

ER -