Microwave and ultrasound pre-treatments to enhance anthocyanins extraction from different wine lees

R. Romero-díez, M. Matos, Liliana André Amaro Rodrigues, Maria R. Bronze, S. Rodríguez-rojo, M.j. Cocero, A.a. Matias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wine lees are rich in anthocyanins (AC), natural colorants with health promoting properties. The extraction kinetics of AC from different wine lees in conventional solid–liquid extraction were studied for the first time. The influence of parameters such as temperature, solid–liquid ratio (RS-L) and type of solvent (hydro-alcoholic mixtures) was also studied. Furthermore, microwaves (MW) and ultrasounds (US) were used as pre-treatments (a prior step to the conventional extraction) in order to increase AC yield. Maximum extraction yield (2.78 mgMALVIDIN-EQUIVALENTS/gDRY-LEES) was achieved after 15 min at 25 °C, with a RS-L of 1/10 (g/mL) and with a 50%vol. ethanol mixture. When MW were used AC extraction yield was doubled (6.20 mgMALVIDIN-EQUIVALENTS/gDRY-LEES) and the required time to achieve a constant yield was reduced (from 15 min to 90 s). Meanwhile, US only shortened extraction time in less proportion (from 15 to 5 min). Putative identification of main extract compounds was performed by LC/MS-MS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-266
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume272
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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