Microbial characterisation of polyhydroxyalkanoates storing populations selected under different operating conditions using a cell-sorting RT-PCR approach

Paulo C. Lemos, Caterina Levantesi, Luisa S. Serafim, Simona Rossetti, Maria A. M. Reis, Valter Tandoi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The identity of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) storing bacteria selected under aerobic dynamic feeding conditions, using propionate as carbon source (reactor P), was determined by applying reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) on micromanipulated cells and confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH). Four genera, Amaricoccus, Azoarcus, Thauera and Paraccoccus were detected, the latter only rarely present. All the biomass was involved in PHA storage as shown by Nile Blue staining. By quantitative FISH, their specific amount was determined in this and two other systems using acetate as the carbon substrate (sequencing batch reactor [SBR] A and A1). SBR A and reactor P had the same sludge retention time (SRT, 10 days), while reactor A1 was operated with the SRT of 1 day and the double organic loading rate (OLR). Systems fed with acetate (41.1 ± 2.2 and 49.4 ± 1.4% total Bacteria, for A and A1, respectively) became enriched in Thauera independently on the SRT and OLR, while it was only present in a minor amount when propionate was used as a substrate (1.9 ± 0.2% total Bacteria). Amaricoccus was present in both reactors operated at 10 days SRT, favoured in the one fed with propionate (61.4 ± 1.9% total bacteria), and almost completely removed at the SRT of 1 day. Azoarcus cells were found in all the analysed systems (3.9 ± 0.3, 23.3 ± 1.5 and 45.9 ± 1.5 for P, A and A1, respectively), while Paracoccus was scarcely present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-360
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume78
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Aerobic dynamic feeding
  • FISH
  • Micromanipulation
  • Mixed cultures
  • PHA production
  • RT-PCR

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