Methodology for single nucleotide polymorphism selection in promoter regions for clinical use. An example of its applicability

Herlander Marques, José Freitas, Rui Medeiros, Adhemar Longatto-Filho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Genetic variability in humans can explain many differences in disease risk factors. Polymorphism-related studies focus mainly on the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of coding regions of the genes. SNPs on DNA binding motifs of the promoter region have been less explored. On a recent study of SNPs in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphomas we faced the problem of SNP selection from promoter regions and developed a practical methodology for clinical studies. The process consists in identifying SNPs in the coding and promoter regions of the antigen-processing system using the ‘dbSNP’ database. With the ‘HapMap’ program, we select SNPs with frequencies >20% in Caucasian populations. For coding regions, we sought biologically and clinically relevant SNPs described in the literature. For the promoter regions, we determined their chromosomal location on ‘QiagenSABioscience’ site database. The nucleotide sequence of ancestral and variant alleles is available in the ‘dbSNP’. These sequences were used in ‘Promoter TESS’ to determine binding differences of transcription factors. Each sequence may have affinity to different TFs. Thus, SNP selection on the promoter regions was based in the differences on TF binding pattern between the old and the new allele. The potential clinical relevance of the new TFs was also evaluated before the final selection. With this approach, we found that almost half of the relevant SNP fall within the promoter region. In conclusion, we were able to develop a methodology of oriented selection of promoter regions of human genes, comparing the TF with affinity to the ancestral allele with the TF to a variant allele. We selected those SNPs that change the TF’s affinity to a pattern with functional significance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-136
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics
Volume7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Coding region
  • dbSNP
  • DNA binding motifs
  • Genetic polymorphism
  • HapMap
  • Promoter region
  • Promoter TESS
  • SNP

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